Often, students are expected to study literature for quizzes or exams, and it is up to them to choose which study strategy they want to use. But does using different strategies lead to differences in performance? If so, which technique would be the most effective? It is stated that 65% of students study through re-reading, and 84% of students from elite universities use re-reading. Does this indicate that re-reading is the best strategy?
Research suggests that retrieval practice often results in a great performance as well. Therefore, our current study compares re-reading, a non-retrieval practice method, with retrieval practices including flashcards and free recall. Retrieval practices rely on little to no visual cue and are therefore hypothesised to result in a higher level of processing, and better performance. Our research may highlight the effectiveness of retrieval practice, which often gets underestimated by students.
Our research may indicate which strategy is more effective when you will be tested on your knowledge immediately after studying, and which strategy is more effective when you need to remember information for a longer amount of time. Therefore, this research may not only be important for students to improve their academic performance but also for other people who need to remember certain details of a text. Knowing which strategies are most effective will help people to change their study habits positively. This may also lead to them spending their time more productively and getting better grades. So the next time you are studying, remember: Don’t study hard, study smart!
Research group 3