Imagine you were to lose your job because you tell one of your clients you are gay. This was the reality for Donald Zarda, an American resident. Only very recently a law was introduced in America that forbids firing people because of their sexuality or gender. This decision is seen as the most important victory for the LGBTQ+ community in America since the legalisation of the gay marriage in 2015, because it helps protecting individuals against discrimination.
Sadly, discrimination on the workfloor is just an example of the many ways in which individuals of the LGBTQ+ community are being discriminated daily, and have been discriminated over many years. Certainly not only in America, but all over the world are members of the community faced with discrimination. This discrimination happens in various environments like social life, school and normal daily activities. Experiencing discrimination can have various negative effects for mental health like anxiety or depression.
Therefore it is important to look into the amount of discrimination that occurs in our environment. A very important and influential environment for a big part of society are schools and universities. When measuring the overall discrimination of both LGBTQ+ and heterosexual individuals at university it would be expected that LGBTQ+ members would experience a lot more discrimination. In addition to this, it is interesting to look at the factor self-esteem as this could act as a mediating variable regarding the effects and severeness of discrimination. With studies like these, more information about discrimination against LGBTQ+ individuals can be gathered. This is important in order to end discrimination against members of the community.
Author: Group 19a